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De máquinas y seres vivos: una teorìa sobre la organización biológica eBook –

The work is as philosophical as it is scientific, even in discussions of neurophysiology, which was particularly refreshing aspect of the book It has a very interesting framework, and there are number of pragmatic problems that are handled in a connected manner Also some people might feel a bit of Kant in it The one downside is, it over explains What autopoiesis is not I definitely recommend this book. Incredible Maturana a Surprising Genius Profound and rich A thrilling blend of biology and philosophy Just my cup of tea Also very influential. These two Chilean researchers may be two of the greatest minds of the 20th century Clear paradigm shifters of cognition and self awareness Autopoiesis and Ennaction are two concepts that many don t know that underly the sciences of complexity and cognition nowadays. GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTSEDITORIAL PREFACEGENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTSFOREWORDINTRODUCTION by Professor Maturana BIOLOGY OF COGNITIONDedicationTable of ContentsI IntroductionII The ProblemIII Cognitive Function in General A The Observer B The Living System C Evolution D The Cognitive ProcessIV Cognitive Function in Particular A Nerve Cells B Architecture C Function D Representation E Description F Thinking G Natural Language H Memory and Learning I The ObserverV Problems in the Neurophysiology of CognitionVI ConclusionsVII Post ScriptumAUTOPOIESIS THE ORGANIZATION OF THE LIVINGPreface by Sir Stafford Beer Introduction I On Machines, Living and Otherwise1 Machines2 Living Machines II Dispensability of Teleonomy 1 Purposelessness 2 IndividualityIII Embodiments of Autopoiesis 1 Descriptive and Causal Notions 2 Molecular Embodiments 3 OriginIV Diversity of Autopoiesis 1 Subordination to the Condition of Unity 2 Plasticity of Ontogeny 3 Reproduction, a Complication of the Unity 4 Evolution, a Historical Network 5 Second and Third Order Autopoietic SystemsV Presence of Autopoiesis 1 Biological Implications 2 Epistemological Implications 3 Cognitive ImplicationsAppendix The Nervous SystemGlossaryBIBLIOGRAPHYINDEX OF NAMES Very dense read Something I will revisit again and again. This Is A Bold, Brilliant, Provocative And Puzzling Work It Demands A Radical Shift In Standpoint, An Almost Paradoxical Posture In Which Living Systems Are Described In Terms Of What Lies Outside The Domain Of Descriptions Professor Humberto Maturana, With His Colleague Francisco Varela, Have Undertaken The Construction Of A Systematic Theoretical Biology Which Attempts To Define Living Systems Not As They Are Objects Of Observation And Description, Nor Even As In Teracting Systems, But As Self Contained Unities Whose Only Reference Is To Them Selves Thus, The Standpoint Of Description Of Such Unities From The Outside , I E By An Observer, Already Seems To Violate The Fundamental Requirement Which Maturana And Varela Posit For The Characterization Of Such System Namely, That They Are Autonomous, Self Referring And Self Constructing Closed Systems In Short, Autopoietic Systems In Their Terms Yet, On The Basis Of Such A Conceptual Method, And Such A Theory Of Living Systems, Maturana Goes On To Define Cognition As A Biological Phenomenon As, In Effect, The Very Nature Of All Living Systems And On This Basis, To Generate The Very Domains Of Interac Tion Among Such Systems Which Constitute Language, Description And Thinking i was confused because i disbelieve in unities, save perhaps a single collective cosmic one, i guess i get nervous even guessing that unicity stays in question for me since one would need to convince the observer of an impermeable border whether or not you re sold on the idea of a unity it s still useful to see how the idea is worked out here, and to consider the portability of this philosophical tool i ve heard the term autopoiesis float around for a while so reading this for me has been a long time coming i keep daring myself to read hard science texts, it just takes me forever to get through and i understand like less than half of it reading this it felt increasingly untenable to disagree that autopoiesis could be anything other than interdependence, as it is observed here that an individual autopoietic organism can become a component in a higher order system s autopoiesis reading this i realize i need to check out bertalanffy, but how many times must i make myself read something my poststructuralist mind dissents to It was one the first Book related to autopoiesis I did read it 30 years ago, exprcting that authors and other will connect it with religion Gid is the most autopoietic person, almost only He , philosophy Plato, Spinisa, specially Hegel and Heidegger are nearer to autopoietic concepts than Maturanata and late Varela, who before death started to learn Indiana philosophy , specially i did expect it in psychology, economics, and law Only Luhmann who i met 1992 satisfied my interest Anyway autopoiesis is for me the greatest concepts I am waiting the better books De ac es la definici n de sistemas autopoi ticos Una m quina autopoi tica es una m quina organizada definida como una unidad como una red de procesos de producci n transformaci n y destrucci n de componentes que i a trav s de sus interacciones y transformaciones continuamente regeneran y realizan la red de procesos las relaciones que los han producido, y ii la constituyen la m quina como una unidad concreta en el espacio en el que ellos los componentes existen especificando el dominio topol gico de su realizaci n como tal de una red p g.78